Art. 18 CISG
(1) A statement made by or other conduct of the offeree indicating assent to an offer is an acceptance. Silence or inactivity does not in itself amount to acceptance.
(2) An acceptance of an offer becomes effective at the moment the indication of assent reaches the offeror. An acceptance is not effective if the indication of assent does not reach the offeror within the time he has fixed or, if no time is fixed, within a reasonable time, due account being taken of the circumstances of the transaction, including the rapidity of the means of communication employed by the offeror. An oral offer must be accepted immediately unless the circumstances indicate otherwise.
(3) However, if, by virtue of the offer or as a result of practices which the parties have established between themselves or of usage, the offeree may indicate assent by performing an act, such as one relating to the dispatch of the goods or payment of the price, without notice to the offeror, the acceptance is effective at the moment the act is performed, provided that the act is performed within the period of time laid down in the preceding paragraph.
The Secretariat Commentary on Art. 16 of the 1978 New York Draft, predecessor to Art. 18 CISG, gives insight into the drafters' unterstanding on the eve of the 1980 Vienna Diplomatic Conference.
CISG-AC Opinion regarding Art. 18 CISG
CISG-AC Opinion No. 13 ‘Inclusion of Standard Terms under the CISG’ (Rapporteur: Sieg Eiselen), adopted by the CISG Advisory Council following its 17th meeting in Philadelphia (USA) on 20 January 2013
Overview of case law on Art. 18 CISG: UNCITRAL Digest
The UNCITRAL Digest on the CISG can be used as a starting point to discover the relevant case law on this article.