Witness Clause

DONE at Vienna, this day of eleventh day of April, one thousand nine hundred and eighty, in a single original, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Convention.


Overview of the Witness Clause: UNCITRAL Digest

The UNCITRAL Digest on the CISG can be used as a starting point for researching case law on this clause.


Post-1980 Diplomatic Conference corrections made to authentic text versions of the Convention

In the years after the Sales Convention had been adopted in Vienna on 11 April 1980, it was discovered that some of the six authentic language versions contained minor errors or omissions. These were subsequently corrected in accordance with established treaty practice through so-called procès-verbaux.

The corrections made in this manner are summarized below.


Arabic text:


Correction of an error in the wording of Art. 25 CISG.



Addition of Art. 76(2) CISG that had initially been omitted from this authentic text version.



Russian text:


Correction of an error in the wording of Art. 68 CISG.